Leningrad orphanages in Ugra
On July 28, 1942, at a meeting of the executive committee of the Council of Workers' Deputies of the Khanty-Mansiysk National Okrug, a decision on lodging of evacuated children arriving to the okrug from Leningrad was made.

In autumn, 1942, 10 Leningrad orphanages with 782 school-age children and 162 preschool-age children were evacuated to the Khanty-Mansiysk National Okrug.

"Open 12 orphanages in the Khanty-Mansiysk National Okrug: for 90 people in Surgut district, Yamskoy villagefor 90 people in Peschany village, for 70 people in Cherny Mys village; for 85 people in Mikoyanovsky district, village Peregrebniy, for 85 people in Bolshoy Kamen village, for 80 people in the village Zarechnyy; Samarovsky district - village Urmannyy - 125 people, village Gorny - 125 people; Kondinskiy region, village Bolchary - 50 people, village Listvenichny - 90 people, village Yagodny - 60 people; village Khanty-Mansiysk - 50 people. To oblige the Okrug's Board of Education and the executive committees of the district councils to find buildings suitable for housing children urgently, to prepare equipment, to select personnel, to prepare firewood and food. To conduct mass explanatory work among workers about the adoption of children."
Preliminary work was done in order to repair and prepare the buildings of orphanages, their equipment, and the delivery of food, bed linen, and clothing. People organized a warm meeting with the children landing there, with the presentation of gifts. 360 different items were collected in the Surgut village, more than 1,500 items were collected in the Kondinsky district.

Nowadays, there are almost no children from the first orphanages of the okrug. As it turned out, in 1945, those who were 14 years old were sent back to Leningrad to study in factory schools and to restore the city. The rest of children were moved to the orphanages in the south of Tyumen region. But the orphanages were not eliminated. They remained until the early 1950s, and were supplemented by children born in the okrug: those whose father died in the war, whose mother died, and there were no relatives.