In two-month defensive battles, Soviet troops managed to bleed the enemy. Particularly heavy battles were fought in the Volokolamsk and Mozhaisk sectors, which were the shortest routes to Moscow. By early December, German troops were stopped at the line south of the Volga reservoir, Dmitrov, Yakhroma, Krasnaya Polyana (27 km from Moscow), east of Istra, west of Kubinka, Naro-Fominsk, west of Serpukhov, east of Aleksin, Tula.
On December 5-6, the troops of the Red Army launched a counterattack on the advanced groupings of the German fascist troops north and south of the capital. The offensive by the troops of the Kalinin Front (I.S.Konev), the Western Front, and the Bryansk Front developed over a 1,000-kilometer strip, from Kalinin to Yelets. Soviet troops attacked an enemy equal in number. In the first three days, they advanced 30-40 km. The enemy stood firm, but the lack of preparedness to conduct military operations in winter conditions, the lack of reserves affected. A. Hitler, having signed a directive on the transition to the defense on the Soviet-German front in December, blamed the failures on the military command and, having removed some of the top army generals from their posts, assumed the supreme command. But this did not lead to significant changes. On January 7-10, 1942, a general offensive was launched along the entire central sector of the Soviet-German front.
In commemoration of the victory of Soviet troops near Moscow, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, by a decree of 05/01/1944, established the medal "For the Defense of Moscow".